Thursday, August 21, 2014


Attorney General Eric Holder speaks with

Captain Ron Johnson of the Missouri State Highway Patrol

the operational commander on the ground in









(Thursday August 21, 2014 St. Louis, MO)  By now we are all familiar with the basics; anyone who has been paying even the most cursory attention to current events knows the competing narratives surrounding the shooting death of an unarmed 18 year old Black man, Michael Brown shot by Police Officer Darren Wilson on August 9th. Last night was the first night since August 9th that the small town of Ferguson, a northern suburb of St. Louis, was not wracked by civil disobedience, groups of angry protestors taunting members of the various Law Enforcement Agencies (LEA) on the ground and sporadic outbursts of violence, looting and aggressive disorder.  There are many ways to access and analyze what has been transpiring between the community and Law Enforcement over these last 12 days and nights, but that is another topic for a later time.

The most significant development, itself raising some controversy in some quarters, was yesterday’s visit by the Attorney General (AG) of the United States, the top ranking Law Enforcement Official in the country, Eric Holder.  That this event has garnered so much attention that the AG actually inserted himself and all the powers vested in him into a local investigation without an invitation, has the Department of Justice Civil Rights Division in a somewhat precarious position as well as setting a potentially dangerous precedent that will influence cases across the country in the future. 

As virtually all of the media and federal attention Mr. Brown’s death has received, the one key participant that unfortunate shooting is the Officer, Darren Wilson.  PO Wilson is a four year and decorated member of the Ferguson Police Department who has an exemplary record and, also happens to be White.  For the sake of discussion let’s concede some of the facts; yes, African Americans in Ferguson and across the country perceive Law Enforcement Officers as an enemy presence in their neighborhoods who run roughshod over their constitution and civil rights, treat them with disrespect, and treat them very differently than they do White citizens.  We’ll also agree that in some jurisdictions Blacks are arrested in a disproportional ratio to their White peers and are much more likely to be stopped, frisked, hassled, harassed, criminally charged, jailed and imprisoned.  That said, the stunning differences in experience and perspectives lay bare some uncomfortable realities; realities that as painful as they may be, cannot be glossed over by waves of statistics or swept away by the gusts of hot air emanating from all the self-appointed “Black Activists” who thrive and enrich themselves as they exploit every situation they can. 


The incessant chorus demanding justice because they assert that PO Wilson violated Mr. Brown’s civil rights are as misguided as they are misinformed.  “Federalizing” this case before it has even gone through the local process is not possible.  For that usurpation of local authority to be relinquished, the AG would have to relieve the local Prosecutor, Bob McCullough, if it is determined in a strict legal sense that prosecutor McCullough is “incapable or unable” to conduct an objective, fact driven process.  Typically a federal civil rights violation suit follows a legal trial and, while so many of the angriest protesters in Ferguson are demanding “justice” for Michael Brown, a federal civil action may not be a viable remedy.  Presently a Grand Jury here is being presented with the first shards of evidence in a process that could last well into November.  Grand Juries function under a different set of evidentiary rules as compared to a trial by jury in that the County Prosecutor presents witnesses and evidence to the panel and the defendant is not represented during these proceedings.  Such evidence can and does include “hearsay” which is inadmissible in a court of law. Their only purpose is to determine if there are sufficient grounds to indict the defendant, in this case, Officer Wilson, based on the strength and viability of the case as assembled by the County Prosecutor.

One of the most troubling variables in this equation is that of rights of Police Officer Wilson; those very same “Civil Rights” the Black community is so vehemently and vocally “demanding” for the victim, Mr. Brown. Before a St. Louis County Grand Jury had even been empaneled, the “court of public opinion” in the majority African American population in Ferguson has been calling for a “rigorous prosecution” of Officer Wilson.  The Governor of Missouri actually uttered those exact words in a press conference earlier this week vowing to “vigorously prosecute” Officer Wilson.  Such statements by Governor Jay Nixon, a Democrat, serve only to muddy the legal waters and impede the regular machinations of our criminal justice system.  They also stand as de facto proof that, at least Governor Nixon is siding with the protestors.  It is a sad day for jurisprudence when a Governor cannot maintain some degree of public decorum let alone speak objectively and afford Officer Wilson the same “benefit of the doubt” he has voiced in support of Mr. Brown’s legal team. 

The question remains regarding the availability of “due process under the law” and what exactly are the civil rights afforded to PO Wilson. In the broadest sense of the questions regarding the rights and privileges that should or could apply to LEO’s engaged in the performance of their sworn and authorized duties, are they in fact on equal footing as a perpetrator they shot in self-defense or to protect innocent lives from being taken?  Yes, as they perform the duties of their office they are “agents” of the state”, the state in this case a municipal agency, but are their civil rights suspended or otherwise curtailed while on duty?


When the similarly painted but smaller version of Air Force One landed here yesterday morning carrying the AG Holder and some of his key aides, it was an impressive sight.  The Boeing 707 with the white top and eggshell blue underbelly is a sign of American power and prestige all over the world.  While not as large or opulent as one the president flies in, it is no less eye catching.  Holder’s presence here yesterday, ostensibly to meet and speak with Missouri state and local officials, students, “activists”, members of the clergy and “community organizers” seemed to be nothing more than a series of photo ops and well-intended sound bites meant to pacify the situation in Ferguson.  In that regard Holder’s trip and the few hours he spent mingling and meeting with the various groups, was a success.  But, we should be clear here; this was an extraordinary gesture imbued with a measure of gravitas primarily because the Attorney General is African American.  Admittedly it did appear that by the time holder flew back to Washington, DC some of the venom had been removed from the demonstrators and that fact alone was welcomed.

While visiting folks in Drake’s Diner in on the main drag in Ferguson, Holder met up with what has been the public face of the Law Enforcement Command Structure, Captain Ron Johnson of the Missouri State Highway Patrol (MSHP) who was appointed to his current post after the first few nights of unrestrained disorder, violence, looting and arson.  Captain Johnson who, as a good Cop, followed the orders he was given by the Governor.  That he is an African American, a “Black father with a Black son” is not a coincidence. Watching Captain Johnson as he has walked with and among various groups of protestors, his facial expressions and body language reveal his occasional awkwardness with some of the people he encounters and engages in conversation.  He may be a Black man but he is a long serving Law Enforcement Officer and he cannot always hide his disdain as he is forced to listen while on camera to the litany of abuses, stories of racial bias and police misconduct from many of the young men he has spoken to.  Clearly there is some advantage to be had during this time of crisis to have Black LEO’s out on the frontlines, so to speak but, after the media packs up and goes away, Captain Johnson will return to his usual posting at the MSHP.

Yesterday all the rights words were spoken, all the rights video news clips broadcast and recorded, and all the right images portrayed.  If these happenings are truly the beginning of a new day in Ferguson than all of the civil unrest of the last 12 days will have been worth it.  History, our recent history tells us that that is not a likely outcome.  After the acquittal of the four White Police Officers captured on video tape delivering a serious beating to a Black man on the ground, Los Angeles and the South Central neighborhood specifically erupted in days of very violent protests, widespread arson, looting, and all manner of crime.  Then presidential candidate Bill Clinton went to speak before an African American congregation and said all the right words and was very likely to have expressed his truest feelings and beliefs since he had grown up in the segregated South in 1950’s Arkansas.  But, as time has proven our society has changed very little, if at all, in the 22 years since that seminal trial verdict in LA.


We can all at least acknowledge that some small scintilla of all that ails today’s African Americans is partially the hangover of 400 years of slavery and the deep seated prejudice that persisted until the landmark Civil Rights and Voters Rights Acts of 1964 and 1965 respectively. The mass exodus of southern Blacks seeking jobs and escape from the Jim Crow laws into northern urban centers from the 1930’s until the early 1970’s created inner city ghettos from Detroit to Camden, Chicago to Baltimore and many, many cities in between.  Social ills such as endemic poverty, poor education and high unemployment in the African American community have always been a blight.  But, after decades of “Affirmative Action”, rigorous anti-segregation legislation and all forms of social engineering and urban renewal, the African American community of today varies little from the African American community of 1992 or 1962. 

In President Obama’s first inaugural address he declared that “there is no White America or Black America, only the United States of America” and, at least in theory that is so.  But reality shows us every day that there are at least two Americas; separate and unequal and this divide is more along the economic fault lines than those of race.  The only way Black America can achieve the changes they need and assimilate more broadly is by their own actions and design.  There are plenty of African American “scholars” and professors who enrich themselves writing books about all that ails the community they claim as “ours”.  There are any number of African American organizations from the NAACP to the host of legal and advocacy groups who need to step forward in their communities, assert their influence and identify the methods and means with which Blacks can make better lives for themselves. 

Frankly, there are many dinner time and barroom discussions ongoing today among White Americans who have been an audience for the happenings in Ferguson.  For many Whites what they are witnessing in Ferguson only serves to further prove their pre-existing beliefs about Black people.  There is little sympathy because the White segment of the population from approximately 50 years old and older grew up during the Civil Rights Era, recalls the introduction of affirmative action initiatives and quotas as common hiring practices as directed by federal mandate.  Actually, among some of that generation there are those who have experienced “reverse discrimination” when they were denied a job or position because of the body of laws and federal regulations that was spawned by Affirmative Action. For all the discussion and dissection of the omnipresent Black anger that rages through the veins of young black men, there is also an increasing amount of White anger who are disturbed by the current events, race relations, and believe that if young Black men do not want to be perceived as dangerous thugs they should pull their pants up, stop having children out of wedlock, and not adopt purposely an intimidating demeanor that so many of them choose to don in public and especially around White people.  Perception is a two way street and the messages sent and received between Whites and Blacks are often wildly out of sync but they are messages nonetheless.


The aggrieved people of Ferguson are clamoring for justice and “transparency”; they want to know details that may not even have yet to be established by the investigators, forensic pathologists and other forensic and ballistic specialists.  Like it or not all Grand Jury proceedings are conducted behind closed doors and, since such bodies typically meet once a week, it may be sometime before much more is known about the moments when Mr. Brown and Officer Wilson crossed paths on that fateful Saturday afternoon.

Instead of calls for immediate justice without due process for Officer Wilson, rather than demand transparency in the investigative and legal process, perhaps the people of Ferguson, their clergy members, community activists and leaders can demonstrate some responsible restraint and ask for patience.  The legal process is simply not constructed for expediency particularly in a case such as this.  This will be a protracted process so patience is what is needed and by exercising patience the people of Ferguson will also be seen as respecting the laws of the land.  The truth will be determined; there should be no doubt about that.  It just won’t be forthcoming tomorrow, next week or perhaps not even next month.

 Copyright The Brooding Cynyx 2014 © All Rights Reserved

Tuesday, August 19, 2014



One of the overlooked faces in the turmoil in Ferguson, Missouri


(Tuesday, August 19, 2014, Ferguson, MO)  With so many story lines coming out of the events in this small community of approximately 21,000 residents wedged between Interstates 70 and 270, it is difficult to discern facts as each night since the August 9th death of an unarmed 18 year old, Michael Brown who was fatally shot by a White Ferguson Police Officer, 28 year old Darren Wilson. Aside from the typical controversy that follows the death of an unarmed African American by a White member of a Law Enforcement Agency (LEA) or in their custody, sometimes with puzzling cause, there are other undercurrents at play in this particular part of the country and in the metropolitan St. Louis area specifically.  There is a long and nasty history of distrust of the LEA’s in this community and county among the majority Black populace.  The local power structure is dominated by White officials, administrators and other government entities including the 53 member Ferguson Police Department that employs three Black Officers.  But the story here is not unique; it has played out and remains a reality in many cities and urbanized areas throughout the Midwest.  Speaking over the phone with a St. Louis County Officer who only wanted to be identified by his first name, Wes, who is African American, born and raised in St. Louis commented that, “Folks out on the East coast probably have a certain picture in their heads of the “Midwest”.  They might think of farms and fields and nice White folks all getting’ along.  Well, that is certainly not an accurate picture.  Some of the cities in the Midwest remain the most segregated and the prejudice here is hidden just behind the smiles of the White folks”.  Wes is not alone in his description of the racial undertows that have been laid bare for all to see in the daily peaceful protests and demonstrations that seem to take on a sinister, violent tone once the sun sets.  The cover of darkness allows a certain degree of anonymity that some of the “provocateurs” exploit as they engage in a far different type of demonstrating than what is seen during the day.  The differences between non-violent civil disobedience championed by Dr. Rev. Martin Luther King in the Deep South of the 1950’s and 1960’s and the more volatile brand of social discord beamed into TV sets all across the country are hardly even related.  One is the bastard child of the other but it is that child that overshadows those honest citizens seeking answers about Mr. Brown’s death and justice.


It seems that every so many years in America an incident such as that where Mr. Brown lost his life occurs somewhere and by now there is a predictability to the aftermath that is disturbing and counterproductive to say the least.  Yes, occasionally there are blatant incidences of Police misconduct, brutality and overly heavy-handed tactics, but they are few and far between given the fact that there were approximately 90 million arrests in the United States last year.  Our per capita national crime, arrest and incarceration rates are the highest in the “Western World”, a dubious distinction that is contrary to the founding principles as laid out in our Constitution. But, we are, after all, a violent society.  We enjoy our violence in controlled ways usually as spectators rather than participants but there can be no denying that violence is a large component of our cultural milieu and our society.

The pace of our society permits the rapid transmission of styles and trends, behaviors and new “norms” that were simply not possible in the “pre-digital” age; an age that ended within the last 20 years or so.  Now social media is the currency our youth trade in and an individual’s location is no longer a hindrance to being exposed to new ideas and fads.  One of the many unintended consequences of our technical advancement and the degree to which it has infiltrated our youth is that regional boundaries – boundaries of all types – have been eliminated by the fiber optic lines and cellular devices that now constitute the very fabric of our cultural and social tapestry.  Despite all the incalculable benefits of this new mind numbing speed of transmissions and hyper-connectedness, there are inherent perils.  There always are.  Technological advancement has always come with unintended consequences some of which time ironed out, others of which have persistently thrived like metastatic malignancies feeding off the underbelly of our society at large.   The technology used by our youth today permits the spread of trends and fads that typically emerge on the East and west coast urban centers and make them accessible to the vast span of the country between the coasts.  Much of today’s youth culture is of African American origin.  A certain style of dress, the popularity of certain genres of music breeds an attitudinal posture adopted and embraced by youth everywhere in America.  But, there is a disconnect; when you see White teens in Omaha or St. Paul wearing saggy jeans with their underwear exposed, caps cocked to the side, arms covered in tattoos listening to gang banging rap music their entire persona seems more like a ridiculous costume than an original local fad.  

One might question what all of this has to do with the situation in Ferguson.  The short answer is that all of the worst of society’s ills most prevalent in the largest cities are now present everywhere.  The glorification if not the glamorization of “thug” life and “gang culture” is not a home grown local phenomenon but rather an insidious import from the coasts.  Some will argue that it is a positive sign of a “post-racial” age that our White youth in the heartland have so easily adopted Black cultural influences.  Reality appears to smash that argument to bits.    


Every generation of youth has some element of uniqueness about it and it has always been that way.  The Baby Boomers certainly appeared alien to their parents as they grew their hair long, burned bras and draft cards and had recreational sex while experimenting with illicit drugs.  The 1960’s where arguably the most tumultuous times in recent American history with the thorny matters of desegregation, civil rights, and opposition to an unpopular war in Vietnam challenging all the formal institutions of society.  Riots erupted all across America and as the 60’s gave way to the 70’s, those coming of age at that time were also making their own way in our cultural stew.  And on it goes.  But there seems to be an ill-defined belligerence, a certain “in your face” and fuck you aggressiveness in teenagers today.  For example, the “ghetto chic” style of dress so popular with our teens and young men today sends a message that is difficult for adults to understand. 

There is also a distinct lack of respect for authority of any kind among our youth be they Black, White, Latino or any other ethnicity.  Outside the home the most visible authority figures are the members of Law Enforcement and, as such, they bear the brunt of the hostility and frustration that appears to infect so many young people today.  Public school teachers particularly in urban centers also must contend daily with the myriad obstacles that find so many students simply dropping out.  Without a high school diploma a youngsters chances of finding a job are awful.  And the cycle is exacerbated by the high rates of unemployment that ensue. Without attending school and no prospects for employment there is a significant segment of the young population who aimlessly wander through the days, loitering and lingering on stoops and street corners, around convenience and liquor stores often presenting an intimidating gauntlet for others to navigate.  

These are just some observations and, in a way, generalizations but that does not deny their existence and influence in neighborhoods from Brooklyn, NY to Oakland, California and countless locales in between.  What we are witnessing today in Ferguson, Missouri is a microcosm of the confluence and collision of the facts of reality of all the societal ills we are all very familiar with. 


How do we teach our youth about the concept of respect?  How do we impart in them the sense of self-worth, self-esteem and responsibility and accountability?  Cleary it cannot be done in the schools but our public education system has an important role to play.  These concepts can only truly be taught by example, the kind of examples that are in evidence in the home.  Parents bear the ultimate responsibility for who their children will grow up to be.  Developmental psychology has proven just how tender an age it is that our children begin to be molded into the adults they will someday be.  Yes, it is all about the children, our children; they are our future and we owe them all the positive influences we can provide.  When young children hear their siblings or parents referring to each other as "nigga”; calling women “bitches” and “hos”, they will absorb that quickly.  Children are like sponges continuously taking in all they are exposed to and mimicking all of those stimuli.  This is no profound revelation or novel idea.  It is simply the way of nature and nurture with the environment being the most important element of nurture.  Parenting is quite a responsibility and should not be undertaken carelessly or casually. 

Today there are many lessons for all of us to watch and to teach; even out of the most troubling times something positive can emerge.  What is transpiring in Ferguson today can be a “teachable” moment for parents of all colors, and creeds to use in a prosocial manner to teach their children.  Children need to be taught right from wrong just as much as they need food, clothing, shelter and love.  Our children all need to feel safe in their homes and, hopefully, in the neighborhoods where they live and play.  There is no grand theme or overarching solution to the problems millions of our fellow citizens face today.  These are very difficult times and our society seems to be sliding backwards regarding some aspects of race relations and social order.

What happened to Michael Brown was a tragedy.  Could it have been avoided, who knows?  The entire story has yet to be revealed even though a grand jury will be empaneled tomorrow.  There remains all these days later so much that is unknown and much of the social unrest is the result of not releasing even the most basic of information from that fatal encounter between Mr. Brown and Officer Wilson.  Withholding such information has only reinforced the inherent distrust of the Law Enforcement Agencies among the residents of Ferguson and beyond.  

 Copyright The Brooding Cynyx 2014 © All Rights Reserved